This article is for those looking for a detailed and straightforward guide on installing Nextcloud using Docker Compose.

Nextcloud is an analogue of Dropbox, which you can install on your own server and make a cloud for storing files - photos, videos and any others. The application can be used for collaboration and confidential file sharing, setting access levels for each user. You can also make voice and video calls using the separate NextCloud Talk mobile app.

💾 You can find the repository used in this guide on GitHub.

We’ll use Traefik as our reverse proxy. It’ll handle obtaining cryptographic certificates from Let’s Encrypt for your domain names and route requests to the corresponding services based on those domains.

❗ To obtain cryptographic certificates, you will need A-type records in the external DNS zone, which point to the IP address of your server where Traefik is installed. If you have created these records recently, you should wait before starting the installation of the services. Full replication of these records between DNS servers can take from a few minutes to 48 hours or even longer in rare cases.

In this guide, we will consider the case where you already have a server with Ubuntu Server 22.04 LTS installed on it.

You can find detailed information on how to install Ubuntu Server 22.04 LTS in my guide “Install Ubuntu Server 22.04 LTS”.

Docker Engine and Docker Compose must also be installed on the server.

You can learn how to install Docker Engine on Ubuntu Server by reading Install Docker Engine and Docker Compose on Ubuntu Server”.

In addition, OpenSSH must be installed on the server, and port 22 must be open in order to be able to connect to the server using the SSH protocol.

To install OpenSSH on the server you can use the command:

sudo apt install openssh-server

If you plan to connect to the server using the Windows operating system, you can use PuTTY or MobaXterm.

This guide covers connecting to the server using the terminal emulator iTerm2, installed on the macOS operating system.

💡 Please note, you will need to open the following TCP ports for access to the services:

  • TCP port 80 - to obtain a free cryptographic certificate through the Let’s Encrypt certification center.
  • TCP port 443 - to access the Nextcloud web interface.

We connect to the server on which Nextcloud is planned to be installed.

Now it is necessary to create networks for your services.

We create a network for Traefik using the command:

docker network create traefik-network

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

We create a network for Nextcloud using the command:

docker network create nextcloud-network

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

Next, you need to clone the repository that contains the configuration files, which include all the necessary conditions for Nextcloud to work.

You can clone the repository using the command:

git clone https://github.com/heyValdemar/nextcloud-traefik-letsencrypt-docker-compose.git

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

Navigate to the directory with the repository using the command:

cd nextcloud-traefik-letsencrypt-docker-compose

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

Next, you need to change the variables in the .env file according to your requirements.

💡 Note that the .env file should be in the same directory as nextcloud-traefik-letsencrypt-docker-compose.yml.

Now let’s start Nextcloud with the command:

docker compose -f nextcloud-traefik-letsencrypt-docker-compose.yml -p nextcloud up -d

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

To access the Nextcloud management panel, go to https://nextcloud.heyvaldemar.net from your workstation, where nextcloud.heyvaldemar.net is the domain name of my service. Accordingly, you need to specify your domain name that points to the IP address of your server with the installed Traefik service, which will redirect the request to Nextcloud.

💡 Note that you need to specify the domain name of the service, previously defined in the .env file.

Enter the username and password that you previously set in the .env file, and click the “Log In” button.

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

Welcome to the Nextcloud control panel.

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

To access the Traefik control panel, go to https://traefik.nextcloud.heyvaldemar.net from your workstation, where traefik.nextcloud.heyvaldemar.net is the domain name of my service. Accordingly, you need to specify your domain name that points to the IP address of your server with the installed Traefik.

💡 Note that you need to specify the domain name of the service, previously defined in the .env file.

Enter the username and password previously set in the .env file, and click the “OK” button.

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

Welcome to the Traefik control panel.

Install Nextcloud Using Docker Compose

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Vladimir Mikhalev
I’m Vladimir Mikhalev, the Docker Captain, but my friends can call me Valdemar.

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