This article is for those looking for a detailed and clear guide on how to install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2.

In this guide, we will consider the case when you already have a server with Windows Server 2008 R2 installed on it.

You can read more about how to install Windows Server 2008 R2 in my guide “Install Windows Server 2008 R2”. You can learn how to install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2019 by reading “Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2019”.

I recommend that you always use the English-language editions of Windows Server. As practice shows, original (English) versions of Windows work more stable, besides, it will be easier for you to communicate in the same language with professionals in case of problems or if you want to exchange experience.

Before installing the Active Directory Domain Services role, you must give the server the correct name according to your organization’s standards, and then specify a static IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server address.

We go into the system under an account with administrator rights and go to the “Start” menu, right-click on “Computer” and select “Properties”.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, in the “System” window in the “Computer name, domain, and workgroup settings” section, click on the “Change settings” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In the “System Properties” window on the “Computer Name” tab, click on the “Change” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

I highly recommend that you think ahead about the name of the servers in your organization.

Next, specify the new server name in the “Computer Name” field and click on the “OK” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The system will warn you that you need to restart the server to apply the new settings.

Click the “OK” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In the “System Properties” window, click on the “Close” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Now the system will offer to restart the server for the new settings to take effect.

Click on the “Restart Now” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, the server will start to reboot.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Now you need to register a static IP address in the network connection settings.

We log into the system under an account with administrator rights and go to the “Start” menu, right-click on “Network” and select “Properties”.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, in the “Network and Sharing Center” window, click on the “Change adapter settings” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Now right-click on the “Ethernet” network connection and select “Properties”.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Select “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4)” and click on the “Properties” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, select the item “Use the following IP address” and specify a free IP address, subnet mask, and gateway. Please note that you must understand in advance how your network works and know which IP addresses are available.

In the “Preferred DNS server” field, specify the IP address of this server, since your server will have the “DNS Server” role, which is installed together with the “Active Directory Domain Services” role.

Click on the “OK” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In the “Local Area Connection Properties” window, click the “Close” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

You are now ready to install the Active Directory Domain Services role.

Open “Server Manager” and select “Add Roles” in the “Roles” item.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Select the “Active Directory Domain Services” role.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In the next step, the Role Installation Wizard will warn you that several components need to be installed to install the Active Directory Domain Services role.

Click on the “Add Required Features” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

It is not necessary to select the DNS Server role at this point. It will be installed later.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, the “Role Installation Wizard” invites you to familiarize yourself with additional information regarding the “Active Directory Domain Services” role.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In order to start the installation of the selected role, click on the “Install” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The installation of the selected role and the components required for it has begun.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Installation of the Active Directory Domain Services role is now complete.

Now click on the button “Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe)” in order to promote the role of your server to the domain controller level.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

I highly recommend that you think ahead about which domain name you will use when adding a new forest.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Further, it is proposed to read additional information regarding the functionality of Windows Server 2008 R2.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

This tutorial is about adding a new forest, so in the “Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard” window, select “Create a new domain in a new forest”.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

In the “FQDN of the new forest root domain” field, specify the desired name for the root domain.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The next step is to select the functional level of the new forest and root domain.

If you are adding a new forest and plan to continue using servers based on the Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system, then you must select “Windows Server 2008 R2”.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

For the domain controller to work correctly, the “DNS server” role must be installed.

Select “DNS server” and click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

At this point, the AD DS Configuration Wizard will warn you that a delegation for this DNS server cannot be created.

Click on the “Yes” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

You can now change the paths for the AD DS database directories, log files and the SYSVOL folder. I recommend leaving these default values.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Specify the password for DSRM (Directory Service Restore Mode) and click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The next step displays a summary of the server configuration.

Click on the “Next” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The process of promoting the server to the domain controller has begun.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The process of promoting the server to the domain controller is complete.

Click on the “Finish” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Now the system will offer to restart the server for the new settings to take effect.

Click on the “Restart Now” button.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Next, the server will start to reboot.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Server promotion to a domain controller is complete.

You can use the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in to manage users, groups, and other Active Directory objects.

We go into the system under an account with domain administrator rights.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Go to the “Start” menu and select the “Administrative Tools” item, then select “Active Directory Users and Computers”.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

The Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in opens.

Install Active Directory Domain Services on Windows Server 2008 R2

Vladimir Mikhalev
hey, I’m Vladimir Mikhalev, but my friends call me Valdemar. I have a lot of experience in the design and maintenance of various information systems.

Recent Posts